Friendship NGO at the forefront of the fight against climate change


Our associate member in Bangladesh, Friendship NGO, responds to the call for input into an upcoming UN report on Human Rights and Climate Change.

The climate crisis is hitting Bangladesh hard. The country’s geographical location makes it extremely fragile and prone to climate related disasters – it ranked seventh in the 2021 Climate Risk Index. Locked between the Himalayas in the North and the Bay of Bengal in the South, it is densely populated, with maximum number of people likely to be impacted by climate change.

Floods, cyclones, saline water, affected land and droughts in various parts of the country, all have a direct effect on the quality of lives. In particular, in Southern regions, salinity heavily affects crops, drinking water and health.

In most cases nutrition levels decrease due to the lack of variety in food leaving women in these areas more likely to miscarry, and hidden issues like child marriage, social ostracism, mental health, abuse, all increase.

Seasonal, temporary, permanent migration is increasing in these areas due to climate change. More men than women migrate to other places from these areas, with women and children left behind, falling victim to vulnerable and hazardous situations.

Women and girls are disproportionately affected by climate change. In the cyclone disaster of 1991 for example, 90% of the 140,000 people who died were women. They are often confined to roles and jobs that make them more reliant on natural resources. Because they face barriers in accessing financial or technical support, or are denied land ownership, they are less able to adapt to climate change, to recover after disasters and are therefore globally more vulnerable.

As Friendship NGO stresses, climate change takes away basic human rights and amplifies the trouble of accessing the right to life, right to health, housing, education, water, sanitation, access to legal or financial services, and for the most vulnerable communities, the inability to be able to find a platform for restarting life.

Here are some poignant testimonials collected from communities served by Friendship:

  • Mashkura lives in a remote village near Sundarbans, in the Bay of Bengal. Happy childhood, later a happy marriage, until the sea level rose, embankments broke, salinity from the sea spread inland, impacting lives dramatically. No one repaired the embankment and over a period of 6 years, Mashkura suffered 3 miscarriages leaving all her dreams shattered. She was abandoned by her shrimp farmer husband and then faced social ostracism. Mashkura was a victim of salinity.
  • 14-year-old Nupur, lives in the North on the banks of the mighty river Brahmaputra. She is one of the 5 daughters of a day labourer, Quyyum, of Char Dewali Khola. They live hand to mouth, having had to shift homes several times over the last decade, victims of repetitive floods and river erosion.
  • Molida was selected as one of ten members of a disaster volunteer team in her village in Goynar Potol. She had been trained by Friendship in search and rescue and disaster management techniques. During the 2019 floods, the 19-year-old realised that her sick and disabled neighbours were in danger of being drowned. She took help from her volunteer team to build a banana raft. With some assistance from her mother she managed to rescue 45 vulnerable people. In a conservative rural community such as hers, a woman is not expected to do what she did, but she never hesitated.

Bangladesh has two cyclones and one flooding season, leading to recurring disasters on an annual basis. Cyclones have a major impact on the population of Bangladesh: over the last 10 years, cyclones have affected more than one million people in the country when they make landfall in the southern coastal region. River erosion displaces 50,000 to 200,000 people each year and 60% of the country gets flooded each year.

UNICEF estimates that one in three children in Bangladesh, nearly 20 million children, bear the brunt of climate change every day. Children are victims of extreme weather, floods, river erosion, sea level rise, and other environmental shocks driven by climate change. Many end up adrift in city slums, their lives and prospects shattered. Millions of children are trapped in exploitive child labour, child marriage and trafficking.

But there is hope, and some progress. At the recent COP26 gathering in Glasgow, the Government of Bangladesh officially released its first National Strategy on Internal Displacement Management. At the event, it was confirmed by specialists that Bangladesh is ahead of other countries. The country has already adopted rights-based strategy on the basis of international standards and in the spirit of climate justice. The new strategy upholds that internally displaced persons shall enjoy, in full equality, the same rights and freedoms under international and domestic laws, as do other persons of the country.

Read Friendship NGO’s full Contribution

The contribution provides input to an upcoming report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on Human Rights and Climate Change, that will be presented at the 50th Session of the Human Rights Council.


Most read articles

Afghan faces and voices of courage


August 15th saw the collapse of the Afghan government and a return to power by the Taliban. At MMM, like much of the rest of the world, we were shocked

Lire plus

Unpaid care work is work that our economic system must recognize, invest in and support


UN New York / HLPF - A look back at our side-event to the UN High Level Political Forum

Lire plus

Mothers and Peace – Book launch


On International Day of Peace, we are celebrating the launch of Mères et Paix (Mothers and Peace), a book by our MMM colleague Pauline Ambrogi. Pauline holds a doctorate in

Lire plus
See all the articlesof the category

Latest News from MMM and its Network

In this together: Share the Care, Transform Tomorrow


UN New York, HLPF - Join us on July 11th for a discussion on how #SharingTheCare at every level - family, community, governments and private sector - is vital for gender equality and the wellbeing of all. Our v

Read more

Our member in Romania acts for Ukraine mothers & children


The ongoing conflict and resulting humanitarian crisis in Ukraine has had a devastating impact on the mental and physical health of mothers and their children, on both those who have fled and those who have sta

Read more

Racism surrounding childbirth


UN Geneva - On the occasion of a consultation on Racism and the Right to Health, MMM denounces the systemic racism against mothers in childbirth, prevalent in developed countries, with two key indicators: women

Read more

Unpaid care work and motherhood: MMM calls on ILO to change employment approach


International Labour conference, Geneva – To redress the economic injustice suffered by many mothers as a result of their caring responsibilities, MMM has called for a new approach to employment: a human-cent

Read more

MMM contributes to EU Care Strategy


In these unprecedented times, when Europe is navigating a global pandemic, when political tensions are boiling over threatening to destabilize the global order, it is vital to reflect on the people who hold the

Read more

Mothers’ Mental Load: The Unpaid (and Unrecognized) Cognitive and Emotional Labour


MMM is delighted to publish a report written by Emma Levrau, a student in Global Health and Social Justice (Master of Science) at Kings College London on the unpaid and invisible cognitive and emotional work th

Read more